Birthing: 3-8 pups in March-May

Eyes opened: 10-14 days

Weaning (beg-end): 5-8 weeks

Active: Nighttime or daytime; may come close to houses; year-round

Diet: Rodents, birds, small mammals, fruits, insects


Red foxes are 7-15 pounds while gray foxes are 11-12 pounds. Red foxes have a white-tipped tail while gray foxes have a gray-tipped tail.

Foxes FAQ’s

There’s a healthy-looking fox cub in my yard. Does it need to be rescued?

Unless you know for sure that the mother and father have been killed or disappeared, it is better to observe the situation. Both parents will mind the babies, and as long as the babies are not still nursing, young foxes can grow up with only their fathers to care for them. Foxes have more than one den site and often move the kits around. Foxes are very sensitive to scent. If a kit becomes separated from the adult, the adult will return to get it if it does not have human scent on it, and humans are not close. Leave the kit alone to give the parent a chance to retrieve it undisturbed. Use gloves if the kit must be moved out of harm’s way. Return periodically to assess the situation. If the parent has not retrieved the kit in two hours, call the Helpline.

How should I capture a sick adult fox?

The public should not handle adult foxes. They can be dangerous and they carry numerous parasites and diseases. Contact the Helpline if the fox is acting in an unusual manner. NOTE: Foxes are susceptible to sarcoptic mange, the skin mite condition which dogs can also have. Symptoms are sometimes confused with rabies. The fox will be miserable and itching, may have patchy fur, and may be starving to death or acting unusual. Mange is treatablePlease call the Helpline.

A fox comes into my yard during the day. Why?
Foxes are starting to adapt more to people. If there is food available, they will eat it. Juveniles and nursing mothers will come out during the day because there is less competition for food

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If you are not certain what to do, call the wildlife Helpline: 703-440-0800

If you live outside Northern Virginia, please see the Resources Page for assistance.

Wildlife Rescue League - Viriginia
Wildlife Helpline 703-440-0800