Become a Wildlife Rehabilitator or Care Provider

What is a Wildlife Rehabilitator?

A wildlife rehabilitator is a person who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia (and in some cases by the Federal Government as well) to rehabilitate injured and orphaned wildlife in order to release them back into the wild. In Virginia, most wildlife rehabilitators work from their own homes. They do not receive payment for their services. Care Providers assist rehabilitators, but do not keep animals in their homes.

Steps to Becoming a Rehabilitator


Do Research

Read the articles on this website about wildlife rehabilitation. Visit a wildlife or nature center to learn more about Virginia’s native wildlife. This will help you decide what species you are best suited to care for. In Virginia rehabilitators are licensed to care for reptiles, mammals and birds.


Find a Sponsor

To become a licensed rehabilitator in Virginia you must complete a two-year apprenticeship, during which you may care for healthy orphaned animals in your home. Your sponsor will instruct you on initial caging requirements and facilities.

If you live in Northern Virginia (the cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, Fairfax, Manassas and Manassas Park, and the counties of Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Fauquier) and need to find a sponsor or want to talk about becoming a rehabilitator, email:

If you live outside of Northern Virginia, look for a licensed rehabilitator near you in Virginia at Virginia DWR or nationally at National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association.


6 Hours of Continuing Education

Complete six hours of continuing education.


Set up a Designated Space

Have your designated space for wildlife set up and ready for inspection prior to submitting an application


Apply for a State Permit

To receive an application, call the Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources at 804-367-1076 or After filing for a permit, the game warden will perform an in-home visit, and if approved, you may begin caring for healthy orphaned animals in your home.

Apprentice rehabilitators may accept animals only from their sponsors, and not the general public.

To rehabilitate song birds, you must also apply for a permit from the US Fish and Wildlife Service after completion of the apprenticeship.


Ongoing Continuing Education

Enroll in Six Hours of Continuing Education in Wildlife Rehabilitation Each Year: Classes are available through WRL, the Wildlife Center of Virginia and other sources. They usually take place on weekends.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do rehabilitators get paid?
No, rehabilitators may not charge for their services. They may, however, accept donations if they are a nonprofit organization with a Federal tax-exempt status. Some rehabilitators establish nonprofit organizations to provide tax relief for their rehabilitation-related expenses and donations. WRL also helps rehabilitators with the purchase of basic supplies through supply depots.
How long does it take to become a licensed rehabilitator?
It takes two years of apprenticeship to become a licensed rehabilitator, but you will be eligible to care for healthy orphaned animals in your home as soon as you become an apprentice.
Are there costs involved in becoming a rehabilitator?
There are some start-up costs, depending on what kind and how many animals you plan to rehabilitate. These costs may be minimal for an apprentice taking a single nest of baby birds, or large for a full-time rehabilitator needing outdoor housing for many raccoons. WRL can provide basic supplies such as caging, some medicines and some food.
What are the requirements for caging and facilities?
You must have a place in your home that is free from domestic animals and most human traffic. The size of the space will vary depending on the type of animals you rehabilitate. Caging will also vary depending on species. Your sponsor will instruct you in the specifics, and the game warden will inspect your facility before final approval.
Is rehabilitation a full-time activity?
It depends upon the species and age of the bird or animal. Although full-time rehabilitators are always in demand, even taking a few animals each season can be a significant contribution.
What if I want to help but can’t keep animals in my home?
Consider becoming a licensed caregiver and helping a rehabilitator in his or her home.

Interested in becoming a Wildlife Rehabilitator or Caregiver?

Complete our Volunteer Questionnaire to get started or contact us at

Wildlife Rescue League - Viriginia
Wildlife Helpline 703-440-0800